Collections of the Ural College of Applied Arts and Design (Stroganov Academy’s Branch)
The City of Nizhny Tagil was famous in history as a center of Russian folk arts. The success of the Ural crude iron casting in the middle of the XVIII century was due to Nizhny Tagil. It was there where metal and stone processing, and metal painting arts and crafts first appeared and then began to flourish. The production of painted lacquer things got their start there. Trays, buckets, chests with iron were all covered with lacquer paintings.
Nizhny Tagil is famous for soft and malleable iron of very good quality. Besides there is special oil varnish, known as "Tagilskiy". It was the artist A.S. Hudoyarov who made the varnish recipe and opened a workshop for producing painted trays. He founded a whole dynasty of the Hudoyarovs the artists. Unfortunately, at the end of the XIX century the workshop collapsed and the recipe of the famous oil varnish was lost.
The city witnessed a new wave of artistic activity before the Second World War. In December 1936 an Art Studio was open at Nizhny Tagil Museum of Local History. The future director of Nizhny Tagil College A.Y. Kravchenko went to that very studio.
The evacuation of civilians because of the invasion of German fascists brought to Nizhny Tagil artists from western cities of the country (1941-1945 – Great Patriotic War in Russia). They joined the local artists. In 1942 a Department of Union of Artists of Russian Federation was open Nizhny Tagil. They began to arrange exhibitions in large scale. Those exhibitions laid the foundation of the Museum of Fine Arts that was open in September 30th, 1944.
Soon there appeared the School of Industrial Arts (now - Ural College of Applied Arts and Design). The College continues the tradition of Nizhny Tagil Painting School founded by N.N. Demidov in 1806 with the purpose of training artists of decorative and applied arts. First year there were only two departments – painting and sculpture. Next year two more departments of stone and metal arts were added. Since then the College students and graduates have contributed a lot to the decoration of public and residential buildings.
The College hold a lot of exhibitions. The first exhibition of students’ works was open two years after the College was created. It turned into a tradition, and the College Museum was constantly filled with new exhibits.
Nowadays the College combines training with practice in arts and crafts workshops. The workshops are fully equipped to give the students an opportunity to complete their diploma projects in real material. The students display their works in the city, regional and all-Russian contests and exhibitions, for example, "Tagilsky Master", "Metal, Stone, and Idea", "Best Artist of the Year", "Young Talents of Russia", "Sailboat". Since 2004 the College and the Museum of the Ural Mining Industry conduct together a conference "Hudoyarovskie Readings". The purpose of the conference is to study and maintain traditions of the Ural arts and crafts.
Art Metal Department
The origin of art metal goes back to antiquity. The graduates of the College both keep to traditions and boldly introduce new topics, techniques and materials. They master different decorative techniques: stamping, engraving, casting. The Department is known for its jewelry with filigree work and semi-precious stones of the Urals. The jewelry works of young artists are noted with original design, novelty, artistic and emotional expressiveness and perfect quality. They demonstrate a good sense of proportions and rhythm and dynamics of ornament. They are rooted in folk art which manifests in the forms and decoration of the works.
Stone Carving Department
Students of this Department learn the traditional stone carving crafts of the Urals under the guidance of experienced teachers. They try hard to improve their skills and to learn how to realize their ideas in stone. They make vases of picture jasper, Tagil marbles and other types of ornamental stones. Small animalistic sculpture always attracts their attention. Small pieces, desk sets, boxes and panels are performed in Florentine mosaic technique. The students learn the amazing beauty of the stone. They learn to use the decorative features of the stone so that their work would reveal a vivid artistic image.
Metal Painting Department
Metal painting is a traditional craft that reveal the talent and imagination of the folk artists. The first mention of metal painting goes back the 40-s of the XVIII century. It is associated with the Demidov’s metallurgical plants in Nizhny Tagil where the first painted iron trays appeared. They were called Tagil trays. The heart of the technique is flat brush painting; the main pattern is so called Tagil rose.
The College graduates excel in stroke, scenic and genre compositions, flower motives and golden patterns. The richness of their artistic language, delicate taste and impeccable style are combined with careful attitude to traditional methods of decoration.